Cognitive neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field that aims to comprehend the neural mechanisms that underlie cognitive processes. It delves into the brain's role in supporting mental activities such as perception, attention, memory, language, problem-solving, decision-making, and consciousness. By integrating findings from neuroscience, psychology, computer science, linguistics, and other disciplines, cognitive neuroscience uncovers the neural foundation of cognitive functions. Researchers in this field employ various techniques, including brain imaging (such as fMRI and EEG), lesion studies, and neuropsychological assessments, to explore how different brain regions contribute to cognitive processes. The ultimate objective is to advance our understanding of the intricate relationship between the mind and the brain, as well as how cognitive functions are implemented in neural circuits.
Affective neuroscience is a specialized branch of neuroscience that concentrates on the investigation of emotions and the neural mechanisms that underlie emotional processes. It seeks to comprehend how the brain perceives and regulates emotions, the influence of emotions on cognition and behavior, and how disruptions in emotional processing may contribute to mental health disorders. Affective neuroscience encompasses a wide range of emotions, ranging from basic emotions like fear and joy to more complex social and moral emotions. Researchers in this field employ various methods, including brain imaging, psychophysiological measures, and behavioral studies, to explore the neural basis of emotions. The insights gained from affective neuroscience contribute to our understanding of emotional disorders, social behavior, and the role of emotions in decision-making and interpersonal relationships.
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Related Associations: Cognitive Neuroscience Society | Society for Neuroscience | Psychonomic Society | International Society for Affective Disorders | Society for Affective Science | Association for Psychological Science | Emotion Researcher | Society for Emotion and Attachment Studies | Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS) | Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) | European Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience School (ECANS) | European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCoP) | International Society for Research on Emotion | European Society for Affective Disorders (ESAD) | European Society for Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience (ESCAN) | International Society for Affective Disorders (ISAD)