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Disinfection and Sterilization


Disinfection is a process that involves the elimination or significant reduction of microorganisms on surfaces and inanimate objects to a level where they're no longer harmful. The primary goal of disinfection is to control the spread of infectious agents and reduce the risk of infection. Disinfectants are chemical or physical agents that are applied to surfaces, instruments, or other objects to destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Disinfection is commonly used in healthcare settings, laboratories, and households to maintain a hygienic environment. Different disinfectants have varying effectiveness against different types of microorganisms.


Sterilization is a more comprehensive process that aims to completely eliminate all forms of microbial life, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and spores. The goal of sterilization is to achieve a sterile condition, ensuring the complete destruction of all viable microorganisms and their spores. Sterilization is crucial in settings where absolute sterility is required, such as in surgical procedures, the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, and laboratory work. Common sterilization methods include heat(autoclaving), chemical sterilants, radiation (gamma or electron beam irradiation), and filtration.

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Related Associations:

Strategic Advisory Group of Experts | Wuhan Institute of Virology | HIV/AIDS prevention organizations‎ | HIV/AIDS research organisations‎ |  HIV/AIDS organisations in the United Kingdom | HIV/AIDS organizations in the United States‎ | American Society for Virology | European Society for Clinical Virology

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